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What are prebiotics and what types are there?

Adequate gut health is the key to overall well-being, which is why prebiotics can be good allies in achieving it.

What are prebiotics?

They are non-digestible food components that can provide a series of benefits to the body by stimulating the growth or activity of the strains of bacteria present in the intestines. They promote the multiplication of beneficial bacteria more than harmful ones. This way, they could improve the variety and activity of intestinal microbiota, making it beneficial for health.

Prebiotics are foods composed of oligosaccharides in the form of soluble fiber and are often used as ingredients in food. This fiber that the body cannot digest is fermented in the gastrointestinal tract and later used as "food" for some beneficial intestinal bacteria.

Types of prebiotics:

The most studied ones are two: inulin and fructooligosaccharides (FOS). They can be naturally present in some foods like legumes, potatoes, garlic, or onions, or they can be added to provide certain benefits to the food.

The most well-known prebiotics include:

- Oligofructose, found in foods like wheat, onions, honey, or leeks, among others.
- Inulin, generally found in the roots, tubers, and rhizomes of certain plants.
- Galacto-oligosaccharides, present in bakery products, baby foods, dairy products, sweeteners, and sugar, among others.
- Lactulose, used as a medication to treat symptoms of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy.
- Oligosaccharides from breast milk.

Benefits of prebiotics:

Despite not being digested, they ferment in the colon, resulting in several positive effects, such as:

- Increasing the number of beneficial bacteria in the colon, known as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium.
- Promoting the absorption of minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, and zinc.
- Acting in the prevention of diarrhea or constipation, as it increases the size of feces and shortens the duration of intestinal transit.
- Reducing cholesterol and triglycerides.

How to consume prebiotics:

Basically, prebiotics can be found in the following foods:

- Milk
- Honey
- Vegetables like garlic, onions, artichokes, asparagus, leeks, and chicory, especially
- Fruits, especially bananas
- Whole grains: whole wheat and oats
- Legumes and nuts

In addition to consuming them through food, they can also be included in the diet through dietary supplements. This is the case with Inner Cure from Matcha & CO.

Developed with experts in the microbiome, Inner Cure supports your digestive system, immune system, and mood. Our formula is designed for bloating, intestinal discomfort, gut flora, and defenses.

It contains 5 probiotic strains with 50 billion CFUs (colony-forming units) per gram of specific probiotics to support the intestinal microbiome. Matcha, a natural prebiotic, will help probiotics survive and adapt to your body. Tryptophan, in combination with matcha and probiotics, will benefit your mood.

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